INTERNATIONAL PRISON CONGRESSES AND PENITENTIARY POLICY IN RELATION TO JUVENILE CONVICTS IN PRE-REVOLUTIONARY RUSSIA: SOME ASPECTS
Academy of the FPS of Russia (Ryazan, Russia) doctoral student of the faculty of training of scientific and pedagogical personnel, candidate of law, associate professor
The article is devoted to the activities of the international prison congresses of the first and second series. A separate area of the prison issue was the penitentiary policy in relation to young offenders. As part of the work of prison congresses, the author examines the activities of correctional institutions for teenagers before 1846. The author defines this period as preparatory. Its essence is to borrow foreign experience in the activities we are considering.
The author defines the main directions of the penitentiary policy in the working conditions of the sections of the international penitentiary congresses. Their implementation in the conditions of tsarist Russia is reflected.
Within the framework of the scientific article, the methodological basis was made up of general theoretical principles and general scientific methods: historical, systemic, comparative legal.
The use of the historical method in the work allowed us to study the problematic issues of the detention of juvenile convicts in prisons in prerevolutionary Russia. To identify both positive and negative aspects of the influence of international prison congresses on the penitentiary policy of Tsarist Russia in relation to adolescents.
Using a systematic method, the main directions for improving the penitentiary policy in relation to young offenders are identified, taking into account the comments and suggestions expressed in the resolutions of the second series of international prison congresses.
The comparative legal method was used in the framework of the study of the historical experience of the regulation of the studied sphere; the analysis of «international legal acts of the XIX century» and their implementation in domestic legislation.
international prison congresses; juvenile convicts; the Russian Empire; penitentiary policy in relation to juvenile offenders.