TO THE QUESTION OF THE CRITERIA OF SEPARATE DETENTION OF CONVICTED TO DEPRIVAL OF FREEDOM: A SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS
Academy of the FPS of Russia (Ryazan, Russia) adjunct of the department of penal law
The article analyzes the criteria for the separation of convicts to imprisonment, examines their emergence and development in modern conditions. The author substantiate the conclusion that until the beginning of the twentieth century, the criteria for the separation of prisoners were identified with the classification criteria, and their selection was carried out for direct separation of convicts from each other in places of deprivation of liberty. In the middle of the twentieth century, this issue began to be given special importance, since there was a need to provide corrective and educational influence without isolating some groups of convicts from others.
The author come to the conclusion that the existing system of the separation of convicts to imprisonment includes an extensive list of criteria, on the basis of which they are proposed to be classified into four groups: the criminal and penal blocks legally enshrined in Russian legislation on the basis of legislative consolidation; criteria not enshrined in Russian criminal and penal legislation; criteria for the separation of persons sentenced to imprisonment, aris-ing at a certain stage of the implementation of criminal liability; based on the intended purpose of the criterion for the separation of persons sentenced to imprisonment.
separation of convicts; classification of persons sentenced to imprisonment; retrospective analysis of the separation of convicts; deprivation of liberty; correctional institutions.