PROGRESSIVE SYSTEM OF EXECUTION OF PUNISMENT: HISTORICAL AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS EXPERIENCE OF RUSSIA AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Academy of the FPS of Russia (Ryazan, Russia), associate professor of the department of regime organization and supervision in the criminal justice system, candidate of law
Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus (Minsk, Republic of Belarus), associate head of the depart-ment of Penal Enforcement Law, candidate of legal sciences, associate professor
The modern domestic criminal policy in the field of implementation of criminal penalties allows us to state with confidence that at present an unprecedented reduction in persons sentenced by the courts to imprisonment while serving their sentences in the penitentiary institution has been achieved. The use by the courts of punishment in the form of real deprivation of liberty against persons who have committed crimes of small and medium gravity for the first time only in exceptional cases, undoubtedly leads to the concentration in places of deprivation of liberty of the most dangerous criminals who have committed serious and especially serious crimes, as well as those who have one or another type of recidivism. The result of all this is a consistently high level of violent crimes in places of forced detention. In order to prevent convicted persons, suspects and accused persons from committing actions that disorganize the activities of institutions that provide isolation from society, this article presents a comparative legal analysis of the disorganization of the activities of institutions that provide isolation from society under the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus.
disorganization; correctional institution; qualification; convict; penitentiary crime; criminal code